Associated Partner in Istanbul:
Istanbul is one of the most important urban centers of Europe. The city is a meeting point of continents where Europe is connected to Asia, and the Middle East is connected to the Caucasus.
The most characteristic property of the city is the Istanbul Strait which separates the European and the Asian continents from each other.
The Istanbul Strait connects the Marmara Sea and the Dardanelles as well as other Northern countries with coasts on the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and the world.
In the city, covering 0.68 % of the Turkish territory, the basic executive public institution is Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. 32 county municipalities, 41 first-step municipalities, 151 villages, 799 wards are located within these borders.
Istanbul lies on the Catalca and Kocaeli Peninsulas.
Two plateaus of 100-200 meters high are extending on both plateaus.
These plateaus have been divided by the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea and the Bos-phorus. Streams on the East side flow to the Black Sea and those on the West side flow to the Marmara Sea.
2700 years of history
Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires
1850 B.C. - Istanbul was founded by "Phoenicians";
395 B.C. - Capital city of East Rome;
470 - Capital city of Byzantium;
1453 - 1923 Capital city of the Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul is the most economically developed city of Turkey, guiding the Turkish economy. With its leading role in economy, it is also the city that creates the maximum employment within Turkey.
The city, in terms of the GNP created in economy, is also Turkey's most income generat-ing city. Istanbul's share in the Gross National Product by 2004 is 22.7 %.
By the end of 2004, Istanbul's share in GNP has been realized as 68,3 billion $. While Turkey's GNP rate was 300,6 billion $ in 2004, it reached 361,5 billion $ in 2005.
Income per capita in Istanbul reached (population: 11,6 million) 5890 $ in the 2004. In 1995, 41.9% of Turkey's foreign trade volume of 57,4 billion $, and in 2005, and 58.8% of foreign trade volume of 90 billion + has been realized in Istanbul.
The social and touristic profiles of Istanbul are described here.
As a city, Istanbul has not adopted a Strategic Plan. But most of the instutions have their own Strategic Plans.